COVID-19 Prevention: Every Basic Thing You Need To Know

Dhir Acharya - Aug 07, 2020


COVID-19 Prevention: Every Basic Thing You Need To Know

COVID-19 prevention: This post provides all the information about the disease, its symptoms, and what should be done to avoid getting infected.

Yesterday, India recorded 56,282 new COVID-19 cases, meaning the country has crossed the 2 lakh mark in tally since the disease broke out late last year. With this, India now has 20,30,001 positive cases, including 41,673 deaths and 13,78,642 recovered patients. While the government is deploying every necessary measure to limit and control the pandemic, you need to know COVID-19 prevention to protect yourself as well as others. In this post, we will provide the most basic things about SARS-CoV-2 and the disease for you.

COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention network

What is COVID-19?

According to the CDC, COVID-19 is an infectious respiratory disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a new strain of coronavirus. The virus is believed to originate in Wuhan in December 2019.

For most people, the disease results in mild illness, but some can develop complications and even face death. Especially, older people with pre-existing medical conditions are much more vulnerable to the disease.

COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention: a deadly respiratory disease

What are the symptoms?

People infected with SARS-CoV-2 can be asymptomatic, but many will show certain symptoms, which vary among different individuals. If you have several of the following symptoms, you should get tested for COVID-19:

  • Cough
  • Chills or fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Muscle/body aches
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of smell/taste
  • Nausea/vomit
  • Congestion/runny nose
  • Diarrhea

Especially, if you have any of the following signs, you need emergency medical care immediately: pressure or persistent pain in the chest, trouble breathing, inability to wake or stay awake, new confusion, bluish face or lips.

COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention: sneezing is one of the symptoms

How does SARS-CoV-2 spread?

The coronavirus can be spread very easily between people if they are less than 2 meters away from each other. It can also be transmitted from one person to another through respiratory droplets from an infected individual as they talk, sneeze, or cough. In other cases, you can get infected if you unknowingly inhale or take in the droplets landing on an object or person’s mouth or nose.

It’s worth noting that SARs-CoV-2 spreads very easily between people, more efficiently than influenza. As a rule of thumb, the closer and longer the interaction, the higher the risk of spreading.

COVID-19 prevention
The coronavirus spreads easily between people

COVID-19 prevention and precautions

Since the coronavirus disease broke out, you must have seen a lot of information from various sources, but the two most reliable international places to seek info and guidelines are the World Health Organization (WHO) and Search Results Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Over the past 5 months, WHO has published and updated several documents regarding WHO COVID-19 prevention guideline, such as the COVID-19 risk communication package for healthcare facilities, the Considerations for community hand hygiene practices in low-resource situations, and the Infection prevention during transfer and transport of patients with suspected COVID-19 requiring hospital care. But most of those WHO COVID-19 prevention documents are focused on healthcare facilities and for healthcare workers.

Now, here’s a comprehensive COVID-19 prevention guideline for everyone from CDC.

COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention: wash your hands regularly

Wash your hands regularly

You need to wash your hands with water and soap for 20 seconds or longer, especially after leaving a public place, sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose.

You also need to wash your hands:

  • Before making, eating food
  • Before touching your face
  • After handling your mask
  • After using the restroom
  • After caring for a patient
  • After changing a diaper
  • After touching your pets or other animals

In case you don’t have access to soap and water, always carry a hand sanitizer along, which must contain at least 60 percent alcohol. Besides, avoid touching your own mouth, nose, and eyes if you haven’t washed your hands.

COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention: practice social distancing

Don’t make close contact

When you’re at home, avoid making close contact with sick people. It’s recommended that you stay at least 2 meters from the other person.

When you go outside, ensure a 2-meter distance between yourself and other people. Keep in mind that even those without symptoms may still be already infected and spread the virus.

Cover your nose and mouth with a mask

The next thing to do on the list of COVID-19 prevention tips is wearing a mask, and make sure it covers both your mouth and your nose, not just one of them. On one hand, you may be infected, asymptomatic, and could spread the virus to other people, the mask helps protect other people. On the other hand, the mask helps protect you from getting infected with the virus through the respiratory droplets released by an infected person.

Remember to:

  • Wear a mask when you’re in public places, especially when you cannot follow social distancing measures.
  • Do not use masks that are made for healthcare workers like N95 and surgical masks, especially if the supplies are limited, they need those masks more than we do.
  • Even when you can practice social distancing in the public, always wear a mask.
COVID-19 prevention
COVID-19 prevention: Wear a mask

Cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze

You can use a tissue to cover your sneezes and coughs and don’t spit. After that, throw the tissue in the trash. Then, wash your hands immediately following the precautions in the section about washing hands.

Clean and disinfect your things

Frequently clean and disinfect the surfaces that you often touch as well as the entire house. These include doorknobs, tables, countertops, light switches, phones, desks, handles, toilets, sinks, faucets, and keyboards.

When cleaning a dirty surface use soap or detergent with water before applying a disinfectant.

COVID-19 prevention
Disinfect objects around your house

Monitor your health daily

The last precaution in COVID-19 prevention is monitoring your health on a daily basis. Always pay close attention to spot any symptoms like cough, fever, or shortness of breath, among others. If you start having any symptoms, take your temperature immediately, but not less than 30 minutes after taking medications or exercising.

>>> Friends Smoked Shisha Together, Ended Up Contracting COVID-19

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