IIT Madras Creates India’s First Robot To Reduce Pain For Spinal Patients

Jyotis - Aug 29, 2019


IIT Madras Creates India’s First Robot To Reduce Pain For Spinal Patients

The application of robots in surgeries is no longer a new story; however, the initiative from IIT Madras must be the first robot that can conduct surgeries on the spinal cord in India.

Researchers from IIT Madras have recently made a spine-surgery robot that can reduce pain, as well as surgery costs, for patients. This is the first time India has managed to produce this kind of robot. With it, patients can avoid suffering from unnecessary pain or long treatment time.

Robots-for-spiral-cord
Patients will no longer suffer from unnecessary pain or long treatment time like before.

According to a report from PTI, this spine-surgery robot is designed with a built-in robotic system that allows doctors to control and guide its operation via images. Unlike common surgeries, the surgery conducted by a robot doesn’t create a big cut on the patients’ body.

As the project head, Professor Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam said, "Minimally invasive spinal surgeries yield superior results compared to open spinal surgeries (needs expertise) with faster recovery time, lower infections and better outcomes."

The Ministry of Human Resource Development has now funded this project which was under development of the Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (also known as UAY). The advanced technology, in fact, was introduced at the TechEx event, IIT Delhi.

Sivaprakasam asserted that their product could enhance the safety for patients and limit the radiation exposure surgeons may have to face. In addition, the researchers developed an external position tracker to provide necessary guidance during the surgery, which helps surgeons to keep better track of the positions of surgical instruments, as well as to determine the exact position of the robot.

spine-surgery-robot
The robot can enhance the safety for patients and limit the radiation exposure surgeons may have to face.

He further explained, "A calibration step will be performed for the external tracker to align the world coordinates to the 3D model and robot coordinate. Once calibrated, any movement of the tracker can be extrapolated on to the 3D model and the surgery plan. The system will have a rigid and high-impact-withstanding end effector or gripper to hold and position various tools and instruments to perform the surgery."

The application of robots in surgeries is no longer a new story; however, the initiative from IIT Madras must be the first robot that can conduct surgeries on the spinal cord in India.

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